Overseas mobile carriers to speed up 5G commercialization under government…Threat on Korean leadership
Jong Ye Lin | yeslin@ | 2018-03-14 11:17:47

Overseas mobile carriers are accelerating the commercialization of 5G mobile communications by discussing facility sharing under the leadership of each country. In the next year, the world`s first commercialization of 5G, Korea is also increasingly voicing the need for the telecommunications authorities to speed up their efforts to reach a 5G level in the agreement on cost sharing and frequency allocation.

According to the industry on March 13, overseas governments are actively intervening in the formation of the 5G market by announcing arbitration for facility sharing and 5G frequency allocation plan.

According to Telegraphic, IT research firm, in late February, Telefónica Germany and Vodafone Germany agreed to share optical communication facilities in their neighboring areas. The two companies will jointly establish fiber-optic network connections in 100 locations, including base stations and homes with antennas, starting in July. This is expected to improve the speed of 4G mobile communication (LTE) network as well as preparation for 5G. In addition, Telefónica sold 42 ㎒, which is half of the current 3.5 ㎓ bandwidth of 84 ㎒, to Vodafone. Telephonica used this frequency for broadband traffic management, but is currently undergoing tests for 5G applications. Vodafone will be able to smoothly prepare for 5G with this frequency purchase.

Meanwhile, the move came under the leadership of the German Federal Cartel Agency and the Federal Communications Commission. An industry official said, "The German government is using the cooperation of its mobile operators to speed up commercialization of 5G," he stated.

Major countries are also planning to allocate 5G frequencies. The Spanish government announced in February that it plans to allocate 120MHz bandwidth to 3.4GHz to 3.8GHz for each carrier as part of its 5G national plan. At the time, the Spanish government said it planned to create a fair competition structure in the market for the frequency allocation plan. Therefore, Spanish mobile telecommunication companies will be able to secure a wide bandwidth frequency suitable for 5G with ultra-low delay and high speed characteristics.

Preparations are under way for safety issues in the 5G era. The Japanese Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) has started work on preparing safety standards for 5G commercial use. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications plans to use the higher frequency band for 5G, but it will measure the amount of radio waves and evaluate its stability in terms of no standard value for radio wave intensity.

An industry analyst pointed out, "The quicker the safety standards are, the faster the development of new technologies will be, and the more likely it will be adopted as an international standard."

Recently, the US IT news media Axion North reported that the Trump Administration is planning a roadmap to nationalize the 5G network within three years in preparation for the Chinese threat. The Trump government issued an executive order banning Singapore`s acquisition of Broadcom from its semiconductor company Qualcomm on the grounds of "national security". Qualcomm is a US company that can compete with Huawei and other Chinese companies in the 5G market, and it contains the United States` desire not to dominate China`s 5G technology.

The Korean government is also urging that the government should take a more active role in the movements of governments in order to secure 5G. In January, after discussing the sharing of essential equipments at a meeting between Yoo Young-min, the Minister of Science, Technology and Information and Communication, and Lee Tong-Ha, CEO, he discussed with MWC in February, but has not yet reached consensus. This is because the expectation for entry and price calculation is different. KT, which shares essential facilities, is waiting for government guidelines.

On the other hand, the frequency allocation that came in June is also predicted by the revision bill, but the mobile telecom companies are only forecasting that they are lowering the unit price and widening the supply range. In order to speed up the 5G deployment, the frequency should be secured. If the government`s frequency auction schedule gets faster, it will speed up the whole schedule of 5G construction.

Hwang Dong-hyun, a professor at Hansung University, mentioned, "It is time for the Ministry of Information and Communication to play a definite role in arbitration." He said, "We need to invest more in 5G facilities and establish a reasonable rate plan for users by sharing essential equipment and allocating a reasonable frequency."

By Jong Ye Lin yeslin@

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